Avoir – To have in the present tense

Lesson on avoir – to have in the present tense

Avoir means “to have” in English and is used in various ways and can be extremely useful. One of the most used verb in French.

First of all, it can be used to:

  • say what you have: j’ai un jardin – I have a garden
  • say what you don’t have: je n’ai pas de piscine – I do not have a swimming pool
  • describe yourself: j’ai les yeux bleus – I have blue eyes
  • talk about something that hurts: j’ai mal au dos – My back hurts

Avoir (to have) can also be used where you would use “To be” in English:

  • Elle a froid – She is called
  • Nous avons faim – We are hungry
  • J’ai soif – I’m thirsty
  • Ils ont peur – They are afraid / frightened

Knowing all the forms of the verb avoir will therefore help you speak about what others have or not. You will also need to know the present tense of avoir when you’ll want to learn the past tense in French too. Avoir is an irregular verb, so make sure you know it well. Let’s start:

J’ai – I have
Tu as – You have
Il a – He has
Elle a – She has
On a – One has
Nous avons – We have
Vous avez – You have (more than one or formal)
Ils ont – They have (male, male and female)
Elles ont – They have (female only)

Practise your pronunciation of all the forms of avoir – to have in the present tense. This activity will only work with a Google Chrome browser.

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